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However, I believe that the required amount of detail was amassed to provide an in-depth knowledge of Tout! Sections were modified according to the identity of the respondent, in order to obtain necessary specific detail on a newspaper or event. Attention was paid to the language of the questionnaire, not to presume on a uniformity of meaning. Note on the writing: I have included distinct, original French quotes and passages of oral testimony within the text, including whole sentences, phrases and article titles. This allows for a more faithful rendition than if the citations were translated, taking into account the idioms, concepts and vernacular of the French radical left in this period.

However, there are numerous half-sentences, phrases and words which I did translate to allow the English writing to flow in its own right. In this opening chapter I establish the antecedents of Tout! I want to show how it drew on press traditions and more particularly on leftist, deviant ruptures from social norms. Each of these strands had its roots in past left, oppositional ideas and their commensurate journalistic forms. Chronologically, I begin with the Great French Revolution, and its profusion of radical, popular sheets and tracts.

The caricature of mid-nineteenth century artists such as Daumier and Grandville, set in a context of revolutionary upheaval and press censorship, became a template for left and republican newspaper skits in the decades to follow, culminating in the strong twentieth century press satire of Tout! The coincidence of its centenary with the moment of Tout!

With the juncture of Dada-surrealism and the Russian Revolution I begin a consideration of the French counterculture, the creative effervescence of the war and s seminal to later fusions of the political and cultural, of which Tout! After Revolution, Resistance; a brief discussion of Second World War heroes and villains who would people a substantial portion of Tout! Against the 1 By Marxisant I mean deriving from Marxism, or Marxist-like, because in truth the language and ideas of Tout!

But there was also a juxtaposition of radical press forms: the anarchistic Hara-Kiri, and for the architects who would form the design core of Tout! One important reference for the counterculturalists at Tout! While some of his followers managed to build some in the US, he was unsuccessful in raising money for the projects in Europe. Scherer, interview, 8 December Deshayes, interview, 21 April Daumier punctuated his satires of middle class life with biting attacks on monarchy and reaction, politicians and the judiciary, particularly during the popular risings of in Lyon, the revolution, and ultimately the Paris Commune.

In an early example of State intolerance of political caricature, he was jailed and fined for a monstrous, scatological portrayal of the regent as the rabelaisian Gargantua fig. Daumier and his contemporaries also satirized the censors of their age, juxtaposing sarcastic personal attacks with an allegorical defence of the press. That same week Tout! Counting ten separate articles in Tout! Bertrand, interview, 17 October Lebel, interview, 28 February A number of the actors involved in VLR-Tout! In a utopian turn, Tout! Salvaresi, interview, 23 September The event was broken up by the police and demonstrators taken to the Beaujon police compound.

This was one of a number of large left wing demonstrations to commemorate the Commune. The Commune had moved visiting poet Arthur Rimbaud to compose several hymns to Paris and the masses, and it was his urge, changer la vie, in the wake of the event that would provide a type of watchword for VLR and Tout! Eighty years later this publication would provide yet more reading matter for the writers of La Cause du Peuple. Le Dantec, op cit. Marc Hatzfeld explains in an interview that the term was exaggerated, unfair interview, 14 April Gueuse and garce meaning wench and bitch respectively.

Palmer, interview, 6 March On ne veut plus travailler. Emphasising the timelessness of historical caricature, Tout! One was the Dreyfus affair of the late s, itself inspiring a riot of caricature, of both pro-Dreyfusard and anti-Semitic persuasion Dreyfus was Jewish. Far from celebrating the supposed grandeur of this period, the paper 34 Tout! Dada, surrealism and the early Communist movements in Tout!

Dadaist influences were appreciable in the collages and occasional cartoons that appeared in no. The driving force of this late creative surge at Tout! In a presentation of Tout! Nothing to do with Maoism, but they [VLR] accepted it, and not only that they put it in the centre pages of their paper. Any type of belief system, be it religious, Marxist, commercial or whatever, it was a real tabla rasa thing and in that sense the situationists came directly from Dada too.

Lebel is referring to Tout!


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Another Dada influence was George Grosz. Indeed, the first surge of the movement coincided with the Russian Revolution, itself part-war fashioned, and was to lead to Dadaists in Berlin siding with the working-class movement. Inspired by the sailors, soldiers and workers uprisings in , Grosz joined the fledgling German Communist Party KPD the following year. Mercadet, interview, 5 February Graphically, Tout! But there was also a physical connection with an ongoing surrealist movement. As the building metaphor infers, members could follow the line of the party through the paper.

Lenin, What is to be done? Peking: Foreign Languages Press, , p. As with his pamphlets generally, it was a forceful polemic directed against internal criticism of the Bolsheviks, or opposing wings of the Russian Social-Democratic movement, at a time in which revolutionary papers were published abroad owing to police persecution in Russia.

However, they took comfort in the knowledge that Lenin and the Bolsheviks were once also a minority, and registered in the symbolic power of the Russian Revolution. Notre petit groupe, notre petite chapelle pouvait changer le monde. A poem by the Russian Mayakovsky, reiterating the equation of communism with daily life-change, re-emphasised Tout! During the Meulan trial in December , when VLR members were prosecuted for organising a raid against immigrant trafficking, Tout!

Moreover, homophobic sentiment was not confined to the Right. Furthermore, the paper rubbished the idea that the law only affected bourgeois men, quoting from a official statistic that showed a third of all sentences and fines were passed on to working-class gays. Racism and resistance at home were seen as a reflection of colonialism and national liberation struggles abroad.

Le Bitoux, interview, 17 November Bonnet, interview, Baudry contended that the few arcadiennes never submitted articles Girard, pp. Jouffroy, quoted from Combat, in Laurent Chollet ed. The Jeanson network of porteurs de valise- literally suitcase carriers- of money and documents for the FLN was infiltrated by the police and put on trial in September Lebel became the principal instigator of countercultural happenings in France in subsequent years. Sartre assumed the nominal directorship of Tout! Some of the activists who helped compile it also contributed to Tout! One of those responsible was a very committed Christian called [Robert] Barrat [ I did something you should never do in a clandestine affair, I mixed being a porteur de valise, and carrying a valise of banned papers.

People came to see our little team, asked "Have you got the latest issue of? It was very bad security but very much part of our political education […] At the same time we carried out the missions given to us, we got people into the networks. Then editor Jean Schalit explains the developing divergence from Stalinist conservatism: 76 ibid.

Ribes, interview, 5 October De loin. Tout le monde nous lisait. The openness Schalit speaks of encompassed cultural concerns and interests, including travel, jazz, literature, theatre, and particularly, film. There was space for discussion of delicate social and personal matters, issues like sexuality. Furthermore, Schalit transformed the appearance of the militant paper from a standard black-and-white information sheet into a colourful, graphic magazine. Castro 18 March Employing staged photo covers and farcical photo-romans in its absurdist takes on everyday French life; politicians and police were more the targets of send-ups than of a real political critique.

But in the s Hara-Kiri revived the anarchistic defilement of tradition, on the fringes of French journalism. Roland Topor, another major inspiration to the artists at Tout! Until , Beaux Arts teaching was dominated by a network of ateliers run by patrons who rarely deviated from the school norm of neo-classical forms and techniques. Castro references the British architectural group Archigram, whose walking city and space habitat concepts, visible in their yearly vanguard graphic journal, served to boost modernist, indeed futurist outlooks in architecture at the Beaux-Arts. These were large scale concrete box and tower zones created in the s and after to meet the huge growth in housing demand.

Castro, interview, 18 March In fact the core editorial group of Melp! The Maoist, Marxisant origins of Tout! Hatzfeld, interview, 19 January The Quai Malaquais was the site of some of the Beaux-Arts ateliers. They produced, successively, Garde Rouge and Servir le Peuple, ideological papers that celebrated Mao, Lenin and Stalin, sold primarily among the militants.

Little of these Maoist publications would survive in Tout! However, the Groupe de Base Censier, excluded from the JCR in , absorbed the ingrained anti-Stalinism of the Trotskyists, moving on to a libertarian reading of cultural revolution. The Internationale Situationniste IS had been ensconced in tiny, theoretical discussion groups since the s, elaborating its hyper-critical stances on art, culture, urbanism and increasingly, politics and society.

Dixmier 29 April Militants went to pick up the papers at the North Vietnamese embassy. Courtois, interview, 5 June Donc il ne fallait surtout pas dissocier les deux. Dinnematin, interview, 22 May Gatti, interview, 4 December By no. Tomsin, interview, 9 April Figure 1.

May , Tout! Dessins Politiques, Whereas Tout! It thus reflected the heterogeneity of the May events, taking on a blend of interpretations. Readings of Tout! Several themes predominated: the seizure, and liberation of speech: la parole; the birth of La France sauvage as an unending grassroots resistance to the Gaullist social order; and the critique of daily life in order to change life: changer la vie.

But for Tout! As a surge of freedom in all its vital, social and sexual aspects, May had to be revived to overcome the conservatism of gauchisme, from which the paper had emerged and against which it now polemicised. I want to show how their interpretation of May informed their later contribution to Tout! Therefore I have drawn from the oral evidence the commonality of thought and feeling, around the themes of communication, political action and cultural freedom that set up the new trajectory for the movements that would converge on Tout!

These set the tone on the streets and walls of Paris and beyond during the events, and further propelled the militant, creative practice of serigraphy well into the s. Here, I examine the imagery of the posters, and do-it-yourself silkscreen technique that proliferated in the aftermath of May. Readings of May in Tout! Several editorial-style articles in the first issues of Tout! Additionally, it opposed, and replaced the Marxist-Leninist demand of power seizure. Castro provided another editorial on this theme in the second issue of Tout! For Tout! Here Tout!

Those who sought to exploit. Instead he saw in May a well of personal, pleasurable and cultural freedoms- including sexual- made possible by the revolt against hierarchy and oppression. Recollections and interpretations of May It is clear that current retrospectives of those who were active in and around Tout! The interviews conducted with a range of militants, writers and artists stress the role of the events in transforming lives, vindicating or trashing political positions, and setting up new trajectories.

There is of course a diversity of viewpoints and nuances, even a number of oppositions among the respondents, including those who worked at Tout! At the outset of events, the UJ leadership abstained from the Latin Quarter battles with the CRS, denouncing the student movement as petit-bourgeois. Ultimately, the rolling back of the strikes, the clearing of the occupied faculties by the police and finally the crushing Gaullist victory at the elections end-June, set the scene for a re-appraisal - auto-critique - of UJ ideas and practice that was to result in the bitter split of the organisation in August-September, and the subsequent formation of Vive le Communisme VLC , forerunner of VLR.

A later collaborator at Tout! However, subsequent events and publications show that he struggled with these seemingly contradictory political values. Et au risque de se dissoudre dans le mouvement, se liquider. Future VLR stalwart Richard Deshayes describes the nature of May in political-poetic terms reminiscent of the youth-oriented prose he later penned for Tout!

Castro, interview, 31 January Deshayes, interview, 15 April Grumbach, interview, 7 February Dahan, interview, 26 February I use the French form for the familiar you, tutoyer, as there is no English equivalent. On pouvait traverser Paris sans voir une voiture vers le 20 mai. Barda, interview, 4 February Wlassikof, interview, 2 June Again the accent is placed on the events as celebratory: 29 D. Sandman, interview, 9 March Masse, interview, 4 January Masse cites Luxemburgist ideas in a reference to s German revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg, who contrasted the self-governing role of the workers movement with the Bolshevik vanguard model.

Picq, interview, 7 February Beaujon was a large detention centre where police detained many student and other protestors during May-June. Hatzfeld, interview, 11 February Hand-in hand with the informality of tutoiement was the transversal flow of experience, re- emphasised by Tout! Jouir veut dire jouir. Quarez, interview, 1 April Gangnet, interview, 24 May Tearing down the tricolour on the roof, they replaced it with red and black flags. I fell on the floor when I heard things like that. It actually happened; it was the beginning of the end of the Communist Party, of all these belief systems and the bullshit of having leaders, slaves of Moscow.

In that sense it was a brilliant experience. Lebel, interview, 11 December For those more libertarian or anarchist it was a reference that belonged, however pejoratively, to the Marxist-Leninist camp. Quand on me demandait ce que je voulais faire je disais militant professionnel. Actors emphasise the contestation of power that also led to ruptures from Marxist-Leninist forms and practices and instead engagement in a transversal movement that embraced free speech, creativity and indeed sexuality.

The censorial grip of government on ORTF television and radio meant that people were starved of information on the true scale of events, during May in particular, and to a certain extent the big press took advantage. Bernard 43 P. Bertrand, interview, 23 September Hardy, interview, 25 April Finally, the walls of faculties, workplaces, the Quartier Latin and surrounding districts witnessed a huge effusion of graffiti and posters, the spontaneous, creative juxtaposition of text and imagery that has come to define the movement of May in so many retrospectives.

Roland Castro was Directeur de Publication of the new venture. Ravenel, interview, 3 April The PSU was a left parliamentary formation that grew as a response to the perceived bankruptcy of the rest of the parliamentary left in the s. Sandman interview, 9 March Krivine, interview, 2 June Interestingly, the second issue did not appear until 23 May, several weeks into the events.

The revamped La Cause du Peuple, published almost daily till end-June, was a simple black-and white propaganda sheet, consisting of large double and four- page workerist tracts, headlined with triumphalist slogans, often handwritten, and displaying the occasional photo with a Maoist quote.

All of the above espoused the idea of proletarian revolution, with the Marxist-Leninist party in the vanguard. By contrast, the tracts and bulletins of the 22 mars eschewed doctrinaire communism, privileging instead discussions of tactics and direct action, elements of an activist literature that paralleled or prefigured papers like Action and Tout! French papers are required by law to have a nominal Director of Publication, the first port of call for the State. The bureau politique was typically the central leadership of Marxist organizations. Crucially, it had at its core a judicious alliance of experienced journalists, caricaturists and painters who gave the paper the touch of journalistic professionalism absent from the rest of the leftist press.

Schalit, interview, 10 February Sales averaged at around 40, The daily routine was to dispatch writers to the various demonstrators, occupations and committees, bring back the reports and complete the editorial meeting inside of an hour. Tomsin, interview, 4 April By June Schalit had enlisted the services of established graphics artist Roman Cieslewicz, to provide covers for up to 20 issues: bold and provocative text- and photomontages that could be detached and stuck up as wall posters, much like those of the Beaux-Arts atelier. Issue 5 was a root and branch transposition of s Nazi posters and propaganda, with Hitler gracing the cover.

A solitary four page issue was printed one night in the last week of May, kicking off with a logistical analysis of the street fighting. The paper then gave way to a welter of historical and contemporary references. A play on words. A Dadaist slogan, a demolition of slogans in general. Brilliantly humoristic, destroying the dogma of slogans. This is Ronnie Laing the anti-psychiatrist.

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And black power, here, an American underground thing And what about that, an ass-shitting de Gaulle, he called us chienlit We said is that so? Well here, you want some shit, here it is: Brrrr! See, the Catholic Church and French flag are being drowned. It was not only a question of saying different things but saying them in a different way. Of which poetry is definitely part. A final publication of May with which VLR could feel an affinity was Les Cahiers de Mai, founded by Daniel Anselme, a flamboyant ex-Resistant and opponent of the Algerian War, to give expression to the action of rank-and-file workers.

Some of its writers were drawn from the 67 J-J. Here Lebel refers to the interwar surrealist playwright and poet Antonin Artaud and early Dadaist, surrealist artist Marcel Duchamp. Initial issues published individual texts; no. The rough-and-ready images operated as visual weaponry, retaliating against state and media attacks, and advocating solidarity between the various wings of the movement, particularly with the workers. Bougereau, interview, 3 November Grumbach, Ouvrir le livre de mai, op cit.

Cobra, interview, 8 October Moreover, the politics were not just libertarian, but eclectic. And of course, the core of Beaux-Arts architects at Tout! One of the contributors to Tout! Salvaresi, interview, 24 June Salvaresi was a friend of Kagan. This poster is said by some to have inspired the safety-pin punk ethic of the Sex Pistols. Fromanger, interview, 8 August Gangnet, also a Beaux-Arts student, affirms a type of groupuscular manipulation in the AGs.

Nadja Ringart was at the heart of poster networking, distributing the posters to CAs all day every day at the Institut de Psychologie, rue de Serpente. Serigraphy was deployed to powerful effect in a whole series of campaigns, one notable example being around the question of immigrant housing fig. The pictography of Tout! Ringart, interview, 24 April Dixmier, interview, 29 April Figure 2. Gauchiste campaign order. May posters by future Tout! Kagan and Michel Quarez.

The third and final phase of Tout! Out of the fragments emerged the founders of VLR. The attraction of Nanterre lay in the presence of the iconic Mouvement du 22 mars and the promise of the type of unbridled student agitation that had led to the May events. The university also stood surrounded by a large shanty town and lay close to a number of factories. Therefore the area represented a new terrain of possibilities in which the student-worker revolts could be brought together and revolutionary organisation could grow.

VLC meetings, which could be held at the university, or in the Maoist centre rue Geoffroy St Hilaire, consisted of discussing outlooks, practicalities. Kaplan, interview, 13 March Gilles Olive personal archives, p. The last phrase in this citation replicated the slogan of an UJ banner during May. It subtitled with Journal de communisme marxiste-leniniste and sported a hammer-and-sickle logo.

Castro maintains the group and the small publication were sustained by the subscriptions of members and sympathisers, some of them working architects. Only Castro confirms to have written for the paper. Certainly the poor production values, including the black-and-white format and hand-written titles of the first issues suggest a lack of funds, though also a rough-and-ready attitude to propagandistic journalism.

Indeed, with no first issue of Vive Le Communisme to be found either in libraries or in personal archives, nor memory of such an issue among the ex-militants, it could have been too poorly or scantily produced to warrant keeping, or perhaps was more of a text that 4 ibid. This regular factory work, two to three times a week, would allow them to befriend mainly young workers and pull them into the orbit of VLC. Indeed ex-VLC militants speak of the prevailing atmosphere of contestation at the university, of widespread student absenteeism, open contestation of lecturers and course content, joint-smoking during classes.

Hardy, interview, 10 June Whereas the paper bemoaned the lack of unity, whilst insisting on the virtues of its own strategy, it seems that the VLC militants, most of whom profess not even to have read the paper, relied on the spontaneity of action as their ultimate guide- thus earning themselves the nickname mao-spontex. Salmon, interview, 23 July Salmon describes being called mao-spontex by Jacques Bleibtreu, an independent Trotskyist, first in a December meeting of CAs.

Following a series of skirmishes and arrests, a hunger strike in the sociology department finally forced the withdrawal of this campus police in February For the first time the paper denoted a Directeur de Publication, L. As a small token of its support, the paper published a little rubric detailing the frequencies of Radio Peking and the Albanian Radio Tirana. Courtois recounts that on one visit to the printshop he came across a pornographic magazine on a table. A nearby worker told him that they printed gauchiste papers and brochures, Vive Le Communisme, La Cause de Peuple and so on, by day, and, in order to make ends meet, they ran off pornographic novels by night interview, 5 June There were no innovations on the graphic or journalistic side.

Certainly the idea of a revolutionary journal de masse raised in the founding document seemed a distant prospect. However, individual militant itineraries and symbolic gauchiste coups in the following year would form the backdrop for a more open and pragmatic journalism. The AG des 40 was a rough title given to the central meeting for delegates from the various cells affiliated to VLR.

Revolutionary violence was counterposed to state violence, with Peugeot-Sochaux in June serving as the model for a potential armed conflict. Despite the well-documented violent confrontations, I have found no evidence of these police deaths elsewhere. The PCF came under attack once again for using workers living in Communist-controlled municipalities for electoral purposes and abandoning young and immigrant non-voters. Young workers who had made the trip from the provinces and immigrant workers formed the 25 Banania is a French powdered hot chocolate drink, its brand image that of a grinning, fez-wearing African.

Olive archive. The group grew to over , with several branches sprouting in other parts of the country. The severe cold in the building had led them to set fire to some bags to keep warm, and they were subsequently asphyxiated by the fumes. Political affinity, friendship and joint activity appeared to be the key criteria of adherence. Beyond the aforementioned early kernel of 40, estimates, from ex-members and observers range from to , mostly Paris-based. Grenoble VLR comprised around 30 members. He was variously harangued passers-by from the balcony, later escaped from the police van, was retrieved and beaten-up by the police, then put on a type of show trial at which Sartre testified on his behalf.

Ribes, interview, 21 January Tomsin explains that the operation was planned in secret due to the severe police repression at the time. While hitch-hiking back in to Paris he was picked up by a France-Soir reporter, and as thanks for the lift, spilled the beans on the Maoist coup. Thus it was that France-Soir, normally seen as a right-wing sensation sheet, blew the story the next day, in effect exposing the trafficking scandal.

The tone of factory- community work was reflected in a long article lifted and translated from Lotta Continua, the paper of the eponymous Italian spontaneist group, who had succeeded in creating a meaningful student-worker alliance around the Fiat factories of Turin. Despite the long analyses of strike movements and community campaigns, abstract Maoist formulae were being replaced with outlaw slogans and calls to action.

The covers of issues five to seven were of a similar order: poster-size images of revolt with keynote slogans: the mao spontex versions of a Beaux-Arts poster or Action cover page. The ex-Trotskyists brought with them another political sensibility, against the vanguard role of the party, and for the cultural revolution.

Hocquenghem in particular articulated this new spirit in a contemporary article entitled Changer la vie, which was not simply Rimbaud-inspired but a reprise of the concept of transformation of daily life advocated by Henri Lefebvre and the situationists. Moreover, the issues were full of images signalling a renewed symbolism of the revolt. The final issues in particular carried photographs of confrontations with the riot police, Third World armed struggles, and reproductions of student- worker silkscreen posters.

At the same time there was a clear recourse to revolutionary rhetoric, seeking to graft fresh libertarian concepts onto their usual Maoist discourse. At the Dantec-LeBris protests for instance, Tout! Grumbach, interview, 26 January For instance, a sizeable VLR group existed in Grenoble. The shift to Tout! Toubiana, email interview, 3 March The VLR approach was part of several attempts to engage in formal alliances with the revolutionary left beyond the united front of the Secours Rouge or other campaigns.

Little came of the visit. VLR internal bulletin, G. Castro and Barda have no memory of the meeting. However Gilles Dinnematin, a friend of the Censier group, recalls an inaugural gathering. Dinnematin recounts that when someone reported back on the merger moves by different Marseille leftist groups, he picked up on this idea and suggested that the new paper should promote the unity of revolutionaries to make the revolution. Dinnematin left under a cloud and was not to return to Tout!

Over the summer of , VLR members staged a 14 juillet sauvage with rock and refreshments; the party was broken up by the police. Dinnematin, interview, 5 May Hatzfeld, op cit. Dinnematin, op cit. They offered a foretaste of the new French counterculture, and an occasion for relaxation including drugs consumption for groups of VLR and friends. The summer of new cultural and political outlooks was the backdrop to the realisation of Tout!

With the writing and production underway, Castro and Deshayes went to see Jean-Paul Sartre to ask for his name as director. Sandman, interview, 15 February Interestingly, the film dealt light-heartedly with the issue of incest, a taboo, considering the general morality of the time, but indicative that sexual questions were starting to come out into the open. Figure 3. Peinture, Kiri, and a slogan from the Yippies, The preparatory work was carried out following the merger of VLR and the Groupe de Base Censier, and more broadly the discussions on the unification of the Revolutionary Left.

In all, Tout! Enter the France-Soir rouge Tout! Its full title Tout! The first page of the first issue was a riot of text, image and colour. Various caricatures derided arbitrary 1 C. In this way, Tout!

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Un nouveau journal? Dinnematin, interview, 23 September Other interviews spell out the visual and linguistic distinctiveness of the paper. Apres, tout le reste apparaissait fade, idiot, et triste. Barda, interview, 5 February Grumbach, interview, 20 August Haski, interview, 3 December Langue de bois in this instance means hackneyed Marxist discourse. There was no editor-in-chief, its editorial team was not just made up of VLR members, and it refused to follow a fixed political line. And while Tout! Thus, explains Marc Hatzfeld: Tout!

Haski op cit. Gatti, interview, 10 December Normally held in the Beaux-Arts school, Gilles Dinnematin recalls that hundreds attended. Thus the Tout! The workings of Tout! We also get an idea of the precarious financing. Lebel is mistaken on the timespan of the paper. Petitjean, interview, 19 October At the small Agrofilm printers in the 10th arr.

Lead lines were arranged accordingly, with images reduced to fit, before a cellophane copy was printed for Offsetting - here editors could, and did add handwritten comments. The resulting photosensitive plaques were then transported to Fontainebleau for the print-run off a giant rotary press fig. Correspondingly, titles were also often bold and coloured, sensational in the France-Soir mould. Concerto for oboe d'amore - Piano reduction and part - Chandler. Arran Sketches : for 2 oboes or cor anglais or bassoon score and parts.

Hertel: Concerto No. Stanford: Serenade-Nonet Op. Quartet Op. Sextuor Op. Octet Op. Walter, August: Octet op. Knight: Winter's Rhapsody II for clarinet and strings. Serenade Op. Alpine Songs - 2 clar playing scores by Regan Clarinet Duet. Alpine Songs 2 bn playing scores - Regan Bassoon Duet. Trio no. Orestiada, la. Mort du tasse, la Pourquoi la Police souffre?

Histoire Pittoresque et Anecdotique des Anciens Chateaux. Traite General de Photographie en Noir et en Couleurs. Instruction pour les Bergers et pour les Proprietaires de Troupeaux. Paris en et en : Histoire de la Rue, du Club, de la Famine. Nouvelle instruction pour les confitures, les liqueurs et les fruits. Phebus des deduiz de la chasse des bestes sauvaiges et des oyseaux de proye. Dictionnaire de marine contenant les termes de la navigation et de l'architecture navale.

Ecole de cavalerie, contenant la connoissance, l'instruction, et la conservation du cheval. Dissertations sur les apparitions des esprits et sur les vampires. Avignon, son histoire, ses papes, ses monuments et ses environs. Notre Dame de Paris : A short history and description of the cathedral.

Balzac intime : Balzac en pantoufles, Balzac chez lui. Secrets merveilleux de la magie naturelle et cabalistique du petit Albert. Des sciences occultes : Essai sur la magie, les prodiges et les miracles. Petit manuel de la transition : pour toutes celles et ceux qui aimeraient mais doutent qu'un autre monde soit possible.

Le bonobo, Dieu et nous : A la recherche de l'humanisme chez les primates. Serial social : Confessions d'une assistante sociale. La gauche ne doit pas mourir! Comment rendre votre enfant heureux? Dans la disruption : Comment ne pas devenir fou? Suivi d'un Entretien sur le christianisme. Et les faibles subissent ce qu'ils doivent? Petit manuel de la transition : Pour toutes celles et ceux qui aimeraient mais doutent qu'un autre monde soit possible. L'Euro : comment la monnaie unique menace l'avenir de l'Europe.

Les apprentis sorciers : L'invraisemblable histoire de la loi travail. Un monde sans esprit : la fabrique des terroristes. Le choix du vivant : 9 principes pour manager et vivre en harmonie. Histoire de l'empire des Habsbourg : Tome 1, Histoire de l'empire des Habsbourg : Tome 2, Angela Merkel : Une allemande presque comme les autres.

Bill et Hillary Clinton : Le mariage de l'amour et du pouvoir. La reine au Moyen-Age. Les oublies de la Somme. Furies de Hitler les.


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  • Angkor Quest: 24 Hours in Cambodia?
  • More Books by James Fenimore Cooper;
  • Aïe Aïe Aïe !;
  • à : to, toward, towards.
  • Loves, Lives & Lattes!

L'agonie d'une monarchie : Autriche-Hongrie, L'Invention de la guerre moderne : Du pantalon rouge au char d'assaut La guerre romaine : 58 avant J. Front d'Orient. Le pull-over de Buchenwald : "J'avais 14 ans dans les camps de la mort". Pierre le Grand : Le premier empereur de toutes les Russies. Au service du Roi : Dans les coulisses de Versailles.

La Grande illusion. Quand la France perdait la paix Isabelle et Ferdinand : Rois catholiques d'Espagne. La bataille de Normandie : 6 juin - 12 septembre , jours en enfer. La Bastille. Chiites et sunnites : La grande discorde en questions. La saga des Rothschild : L'argent, le pouvoir et le luxe. Dictionnaire des institutions du Consulat et de l'Empire. Merci Paris! Le monde selon Sacha Guitry : Sagesses, aphorismes, mots d'esprit et perfidies. Le guide complet de l'artiste pour dessiner les visages.

Emilie et Oskar Schindler : Double jeu contre les nazis. Les chevaliers d'Emeraude La princesse rebelle. Une approche du Coran par la grammaire et le lexique French Edition. Histoire du chat et de la souris qui devinrent amis. Dictionnaire des concepts nomades en sciences humaines : Tome 2.

Traversée du Delaware par George Washington

La crise Chronologie, analyse et perspectives. Programme forme cuisses-fessiers : Perfectionnement 1DVD. Accompagner le cancer du sein avec la sophrologie 1CD audio. Jacques Foccart : archives ouvertes : La politique, l'Afrique et le monde. Traditions narratives dans la sculpture du karnataka. Etrange Cas Origami Yoda. Tome 1 l' French Edition. Journal d'un degonfle, Tome 8 : Pas de bol French Edition.

Le Rouge et le Noir : Roman de , impossible en Femmes, Travail, Metiers de l'Enseignement. Rapports de Genre, Rappor Ts de Classe. Joinovici : L'empire souterrain du chiffonnier milliardaire. Dans le bleu du ciel : Au pays des Tarahumaras Qui est vraiment Charlie? Vingt mille lieues sous les mers - Tome 2 French Edition. Fonds de miroirs : Suivi de Maurice Blanchot tel que je l'ai connu. Justice League of America, Tome 2 : La fin des temps.

Batman detective comics, Tome 2 : Le syndicat des victimes. Batman detective comics, Tome 3 : La ligue des ombres. Les Chroniques de Cthulhu : 21 contes d'horreur lovecraftienne. Futur papa, le guide de grossesse pour nous les hommes! Ode au clitoris : le mode d'emploi sans tabou des plus exquises caresses pour les femmes. Agenda familial positive attitude , c'est malin!

About this book

Je m'initie aux huiles essentielles, le guide visuel. Pat' pompiers : Plus de 20 stickers repositionnables. The Torah: The first five books of the Hebrew bible. Description Systematique du Mbo Langue Bantoue a. Comique et politique chez les modernes et les anciens. Les vacances sauvages : Camper en famille au plus proche de la nature. T'as vu le plan? Nelson Mandela et la naissance de la nouvelle Afrique du Sud. Bassin, cuisse et genou. Petite anatomie de l'inconscient physique ou l'anatomie de l'image. Le Culte moderne des monuments : Sa nature et ses origines.

Deux poumons, une seule respiration : Vers une pleine communion de foi. Fascination des nouvelles technologies et transhumanisme. Raissa Maritain ou le courage philosophique French Edition. La nature est-elle bien faite? L'anonymat dans les arts et les lettres au Moyen Age. Tito Vespasiano Strozzi : Oeuvres satiriques. Mises en "je" : Autobiographie et film documentaire. La Horde d'Or et l'islamisation des steppes eurasiatiques. Roosevelt, Vichy et Alger: L'imbroglio du 8 novembre L'absence ni le temps La guerre des blocs, Tome 1 : Descente dans l'overworld.

Journal d'un noob, Tome 1 : Journal d'un noob guerrier. Journal d'un noob, Tome 2 : Journal d'un noob super-guerrier. La guerre des blocs, Tome 2 : Cauchemar dans le Nether. Journal d'un noob, Tome 3 : Journal d'un noob mega-guerrier. La guerre des blocs, Tome 3 : Prisonnier de l'Ender. My Hero Academia, Tome 11 : La fin du commencement et le commencement de la fin.

My Hero Academia, Tome 13 : On va causer de ton alter! My Hero Academia, Tome 15 : Lutte contre les destin. Solstice d'hiver : Alain, les Juifs, Hitler et l'Occupation. L'Islam : Pour tous ceux qui veulent en parler mais ne le connaissent pas encore. Le diable existe vraiment! Au coeur de la magie : le making of des Animaux Fantastiques French Edition.

Si seulement L'affaire Caravaggio : Une nouvelle aventure de Gabriel Allon. Dunkerque : Dans les coulisses du film de Christopher Nolan. Le Making of du film. Les archives de la magie : Dans les coulisses du film Les animaux fantastiques - Les crimes de Grindelwald. Effets de la Recherche Socio-clinique. French Edition. Secouons le cocotier : Les Antilles Chroniques d'Aspects de la France : Tome 2, Du tac au tac Ecoute et tend l'oreille : La foi, la Bible et l'Eglise.

Construisons-nous une societe humaine ou inhumaine? Manuel du formateur: Volume 1. Test de feminite dans les competitions sportives une histoire classee X. Y'a pas de malaise! Le Document a l'Ere de la Differenciation Numerique. Actes du 14e Colloque International Sur le.

Metiers de l'Information, des Bibliotheques et des Archives. Actes de 15e Colloque International Su. Echelles, Espaces, Temps.